A one-to-two ratio across Member States
The overall tax-to-GDP ratio, meaning the sum of taxes and net social contributions as a percentage of Gross
Domestic Product, stood at 40.2% in the European Union (EU) in 2017, an increase compared with 2016 (39.9%).
In the euro area, tax revenue accounted for 41.4% of GDP in 2017, slightly up from 41.2% in 2016.
This information comes from a publication issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. Tax indicators are compiled in a harmonised framework based on the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010),
enabling an accurate comparison of the tax systems and tax policies between EU Member States.
Highest tax-to-GDP ratio in France, Belgium and Denmark
The tax-to-GDP ratio varies significantly between Member States, with the highest share of taxes and social
contributions in percentage of GDP in 2017 being recorded in France (48.4%), Belgium (47.3%) and Denmark
(46.5%), followed by Sweden (44.9%), Finland (43.4%), Austria and Italy (both 42.4%) as well as Greece
(41.8%). At the opposite end of the scale, Ireland (23.5%) and Romania (25.8%), ahead of Bulgaria (29.5%),
Lithuania (29.8%) and Latvia (31.4%) registered the lowest ratios.
For more detailed information on total revenue from taxes and social contributions in the EU Member States, 2017
(as % of GDP), change in tax-to-GDP ratio in the EU Member States, 2017/2016 and diverse tax policies in EU Member States CLICK HERE